PAM standalone offline installation

Use these instructions to install Puppet Application Manager (PAM) in an offline environment where the Puppet Application Manager host server does not have direct access to the internet.

Before you begin
  1. Review the Puppet Application Manager system requirements.
  2. Note that Swap is not supported for use with this version of Puppet Application Manager (PAM). The installation script attempts to disable Swap if it is enabled.
  3. (Optional) If necessary, prepare additional steps related to SELinux and Firewalld:

    The PAM installation script disables SELinux and Firewalld by default. If you want to keep SELinux enabled, append the -s preserve-selinux-config switch to the PAM install command. This may require additional configuration to adapt SELinux policy to the installation.

    If you want to keep Firewalld enabled:

    1. Make sure Firewalld is installed on your system.

    2. To prevent the installation from disabling Firewalld, provide a patch file to the PAM install command using -s installer-spec-file=patch.yaml, where patch.yaml is the name of your patch file. For reference, here's an example patch file that enables Firewalld during installation, starts the service if it isn't running, and adds rules to open relevant ports:
      kind: Installer
        name: patch
          firewalld: enabled
          command: ["/bin/bash", "-c"]
          args: ["echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1' | tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sysctl -p"]
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=trusted", "--add-interface=flannel.1"]
            - ["--zone=external", "--add-masquerade"]
            # SSH port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=22/tcp"]
            # HTTPS port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=443/tcp"]
            # Kubernetes etcd port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=2379-2830/tcp"]
            # Kubernetes API port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=6443/tcp"]
            # Flannel Net port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=8472/udp"]
            # CD4PE Webhook callback port (uncomment line below if needed)
            # - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=8000/tcp"]
            # KOTS UI port
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=8800/tcp"]
            # CD4PE Local registry port (offline only, uncomment line below if needed)
            # - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=9001/tcp"]
            # Kubernetes component ports (kubelet, kube-scheduler, kube-controller)
            - ["--permanent", "--zone=public", "--add-port=10250-10252/tcp"]
            # Reload firewall rules
            - ["--reload"]
          bypassFirewalldWarning: true
          disableFirewalld: false
          hardFailOnFirewalld: false
          preserveConfig: false
  4. Ensure that IP address ranges and are locally accessible. See Resolve IP address range conflicts for instructions.
  5. Ensure that the nodes can resolve their own hostnames, through either local host mapping or a reachable DNS server.
  6. If you use the puppetlabs/firewall module to manage your cluster's firewall rules with Puppet, be advised that purging unknown rules from changes breaks Kubernetes communication. To avoid this, apply the puppetlabs/pam_firewall module before installing Puppet Application Manager.

  7. If you're restoring a backup from a previous cluster, make sure you include the kurl-registry-ip=<YOUR_IP_ADDRESS> installation option. For more information, see Migrating PAM data to a new system.

This installation process results in a basic Puppet Application Manager instance. Installation takes several (mostly hands-off) minutes to complete.
  1. From a workstation with internet access, download the cluster installation bundle (note that this bundle is ~4GB):
  2. Copy the installation bundle to the host node and unpack it:
    tar xzf puppet-application-manager-standalone.tar.gz
  3. Run the installation command:
    cat | sudo bash -s airgap
    1. The installation script prints the address and password (only shown once, so make careful note of it) for Puppet Application Manager:
      Login with password (will not be shown again): <PASSWORD>
      Note: If you lose this password or wish to change it, see Reset the PAM password for instructions.
  4. Navigate to the Puppet Application Manager UI using the address provided by the installation script (http://<PUPPET APPLICATION MANAGER ADDRESS>:8800) and follow the prompts.
    The Puppet Application Manager UI is where you manage Puppet applications. You’ll be guided through the process of setting up SSL certificates, uploading a license, and checking to make sure your infrastructure meets application system requirements.
What to do next

Follow the instructions for configuring and deploying your Puppet applications on Puppet Application Manager. For more information, see Install applications via the PAM UI.

For more information on installing Continuous Delivery for PE offline, see Install Continuous Delivery for PE in an offline environment.

For more information on installing Comply offline, see Install Comply offline.