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Configuration management tools are essential. Learn about the types of configuration management tools — from internal to enterprise.
Table of Contents:
The types of configuration management tools include:
The needs and benefits of configuration management tools to manage environments have long been recognized, even before the explosion of system growth due to virtualization and cloud computing. Towards a High-Level Machine Configuration System was not the first paper written about configuration management, but it underscores that the need for configuration management software existed as far back as the early 1990s.
Due to the lack of viable solutions, early adapters in this field had to create various homegrown solutions ranging from make, bash, and perl scripts tied with version control software such as CVS to manage complex environments. Rolling your own configuration management tool may have made sense back when Linux fit on floppy disks and open source was a new vocabulary where there were no viable options. But today, there are compelling reasons to adapt and convert to a tool like Puppet rather than writing and maintaining an in-house configuration management tool.
It’s cost-prohibitive for organizations to write and maintain a custom configuration management tool due to the time and cost to develop and maintain the software as well as training users on the custom solution. The initial developer/admin is often the only expert on the internally developed software, and this creates a vicious cycle of difficulty for hiring people who can understand and extend the homegrown tool, which is often neglected and no longer maintainable. This often leads to new staff rewriting the same solution in a new language to replace the existing tool.
Scripts developed internally were rarely flexible enough to handle multiple platforms. The internally developed solution is often targeted for one platform, so it needs to be ported and rewritten for another operating system, or even a newer version of the existing OS. As the number of systems grows, the homegrown tool (which is usually several tools chained together) will stress and often break as the environment scales. Puppet, which is supported on most Unix platforms, has been tested and proven in several large-scale infrastructures. Puppet Enterprise is scalable out of the box with full stack including Ruby along with Apache and Passenger.
Very few of the tools developed internally have adapted a clear licensing policy, so it’s rare for them to be published, documented, and reused/adapted outside the organization. This severely limits the scope of the users, and the number of minds that can work on any problems that may come up within the system. Puppet is open source, and users have published modules to deploy applications and extend functionality on the Puppet Forge. There are thousands of modules on the Forge, which means countless resources to help anyone writing Puppet manifest or extending Puppet on their own.
Find out for yourself why Puppet configuration management tools are best.
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This blog post was originally published on March 25, 2011 and has since been updated for accuracy and relevance.